Running Anatomy

This group of pages is all about the running anatomy of the joints, muscles and movements we use when running. I believe it’s really important to have at least a basic understanding of our running anatomy as it can help in so many ways. Knowing your muscles from your tendons, the typical movement patterns involved in the running cycle and the basic structure of the knee joint for example, can really help to understand the stress being placed on each body part and which structure may be hurting!

I have separated this section firstly into the varying joints which are most important to the runner in respect of injuries – the hip, knee and ankle. I have also included a basic description of the gait cycle, from heel strike through to toe off which is useful in understanding the way the body moves and when reading more advanced information on the subject. Finally, the importance of the foot when it comes to running form and injury and explanations of the common terms associated with the foot when running – including overpronation and supination.


running anatomy - joints

Joint Anatomy
Learn the basics that every runner should know! Split into knee joint, ankle joint and hip joint pages which each explain the structure of the joint, bones, ligaments, cartilage and muscles which act on the joint….more


The Gait Cyclegait cycle - running anatomy
The gait cycle is the pattern of movement that we adopt when moving from one place to another. The gait cycle is very individual to each of us and varies considerably from one person to another. A gait analysis can help identify any movement dysfunctions which could lead to injury….more


The Foot in Running
Learn just how important the foot is when running, for form, technique and injury the foot in running anatomyprevention. The foot is very complex, with 26 bones and many more joints and ligaments, as well as tendons and muscles…..more

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